Apprendre la photo numérique
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La notion de perspectives

La photo est une représentation en deux dimensions de la réalité. Pourtant, à moins d’être borgnes, nous voyons cette réalité en 3 dimensions. La réalité est une chose que nous essayons de saisir sans la trahir avec l’appareil photo. Toutefois, nous utilisons toujours un cadre pour cela. Il est donc impossible de saisir la réalité dans son entier.

Un élément est indispensable à votre cadrage : la notion de perspective. Il va falloir impérativement que vous trouviez des perspectives pour valoriser vos images afin de donner l’illusion d’une vision en 3 dimensions. Lors de l’étape de composition photo, vous allez donner une véritable force à vos images.

[mks_dropcap style= »rounded » size= »20″ bg_color= »#2677bf » txt_color= »#ffffff »]A la fin de l’article, découvrez une solution pour apprendre à composer vos photos.[/mks_dropcap]

 

Les perspectives se dessinent avec, par exemple, des lignes de fuite. Elles vont donner de la force à vos images. C’est important d’éduquer son regard, son oeil pour rendre photographique une scène. En effet, entre ce que vous voyez avec vos yeux et ce que vous verrai sur une photo, il y a un monde !

Le principal défaut du zoom

Lorsque vous zoomez, vous allez utiliser une longue focale. Pour mémoire, la focale est la distance entre le capteur de l’appareil photo et une lentille appelée « lentille flottante ». Elle est située dans votre objectif. Cette distance se mesure en millimètres. Plus la distance est longue, plus vous zoomez. Le principal défaut du zoom, lorsqu’il n’est pas utilisé à bon escient, est d’écraser les perspectives. Vous allez donc les perdre. Si vous utilisez le zoom pour une situation qui ne s’y prête pas, on pourra voir sur votre photo une distance entre le sujet et le photographe. On sent que la photo a été prise de loin, de très loin. Cet effet n’est pas intéressant.

Comment trouver les lignes de force ?

Elles existent naturellement où que vous soyez sur la planète. Il faut les chercher. Commencez par vous baisser, par exemple, ou alors redressez-vous pour chercher une ligne fuyante. Faites des pas de côté, longez les murs. Cherchez et cherchez encore. Ces lignes vont guider le lecteur de votre image vers le sujet que vous souhaitez photographier.

Les perspectives guident naturellement le regard

La principale erreur de cadrage est de ne pas penser à vos lecteurs. Il faut comprendre que la photo est un moyen de communication ; par conséquent, vous vous adressez à un ou des lecteurs.

Je m’explique : bien que je fasse tous les efforts du monde, je sais pertinemment que certains des articles que je publie sur ce blog ne sont pas d’une limpidité absolue. Les explications peuvent vous paraître parfois alambiquées. Je m’entraîne à rendre le message plus clair, je travaille pour que la lecture vous soit agréable, compréhensible. En photo, il s’agit de faire la même chose. Une photo doit-être limpide pour émettre un message clair. Ce message passe inévitablement par la composition de vos images.

En gros, vous avez un sujet et vous allez déployer tous les efforts du monde pour que votre lecteur comprenne qui est le sujet de votre photo et le propos de votre image. C’est à cela que tient la réussite d’une belle photo. Rappelez-vous à l’école lorsque votre professeur vous demandait parfois de rédiger une composition. Il vous donnait une rédaction à faire sur un sujet et vous deviez respecter un plan.

Les perspectives ne peuvent que vous aider à réussir cela.

D’ailleurs, je vous aide à mieux comprendre ces notions avec une formation qui a pour objectif d’aiguiser votre regard. Deux axes sont travailler : la technique et la composition de vos images.  La technique est parfois rebutante, effrayante. Je vous l’apprendrai par l’exemple. Sachez qu’elle ne représente que 1 % dans la réussite de vos images. La composition relève de choix artistiques. Avec un peu de travail et de recul, vous pourriez considérablement progresser. [mks_highlight color= »#0a0a0a »]Je parle de la formation sur cette page. Grace à elle, vous allez travailler sur les 99% qui font qu’une image devient vraiment belle.[/mks_highlight]

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